For the remainder of his pontificate, Sixtus turned to temporal issues and dynastic considerations. , Francesco was born to a family of modest means from Liguria, Italy, the son of Leonardo della Rovere and Luchina Monleoni. Pope Sixtus IV died the following evening - 12 August. Sixtus was expected to be a reformer, but he … He is known for beginning construction of the Sistine Chapel. Those concessions were confirmed by Sixtus in his own bull, Aeterni regis, of 21 June 1481. This included the right to establish the four traditional faculties of theology, law (Canon Law and Roman law), medicine, and philosophy, and to award the bachelor's, master's, licentiate, and doctoral degrees. The envoy of the Medici family summed up Sixtus' reign in the announcement to his master 'Today at 5 o'clock His Holiness Sixtus IV departed this life-may God forgive him!' Alexander VI, corrupt, wordly, and ambitious pope (1492–1503), whose neglect of the spiritual inheritance of the church contributed to the development of the Protestant Reformation. Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded. Innocent VIII, pope from 1484 to 1492. However, after the conquest of Smyrna, the fleet disbanded. His parents were poor, and while still a child he was destined for the Franciscan Order.Later he studied philosophy and theology with great success at the University of Pavia, and lectured at Padua, Bologna, Pavia, Siena, and Florence, having amongst other eminent disciples the famous Cardinal Bessarion.  Although such accusations are easily dismissed as anti-Catholic propaganda, they still prompted the noted historian of the Catholic Church, Ludwig von Pastor, to issue a firm rebuttal.. He was noted for his nepotism and was personally involved in the infamous Pazzi conspiracy. "Sede Vacant August 12, 1484—August 29, 1484", California State University, Northridge, De aliquis mutationibus in normis de electione Romani Pontificis, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1484_papal_conclave&oldid=981346519, Articles needing additional references from June 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, administrator of Valencia, Bishop of Ostia e Velletri, bishop of Bologna, administrator of Avignon, Bishop of Palestrina, patriarch of Aquileia, Title of S. Maria in Trastevere, archbishop of Milan, Title of Ss. Nevertheless, Sixtus IV quarrelled over protocol and prerogatives of jurisdiction; he was unhappy with the excesses of the Inquisition and condemned the most flagrant abuses in 1482. He was made cardinal in 1467 by Pope Paul II, whom he succeeded on Aug. 9, 1471. He decreed that the people should chant with the priest during the Sanctus at the Holy Communion section of the Catholic Mass.. Originally known as the Cappella Magna ('Great Chapel'), the chapel takes its name from Pope Sixtus IV, who restored it between 1477 and 1480. At the death of Sixtus IV, the conclave of cardinals that met to elect his successor numbered thirty-two cardinals. Pope Sixtus's tomb was destroyed in the Sack of Rome in 1527. In 1475 his successor Pope Sixtus IV founded the Palatine Library. Pope Sixtus I(42 – 124, 125, 126 or 128), a Roman of Greek descent,was the Bishop of Romefrom c. 115 to his death c. . Among those to have been pope, Peter, Linus, and Clement I are specifically named in the New Testament. Sixtus IV (sĬk´stəs), 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. Sixtus II is referred to by name in the Roman Canon of the Mass.  His reputation for piety was one of the deciding factors that prompted the College of Cardinals to elect him Pope upon the unexpected death of Paul II at the age of fifty-four..  Because of an intense dispute between the Colonna and Orsini, the city of Rome was marked by far more civil unrest during the sede vacante than was to be expected historically. Pope Sixtus IV (July 21, 1414 – August 12, 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was Pope from 1471 to 1484. This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 11:17.  His nephew Pietro Riario also benefited from his nepotism.  Cardinal Borja led the first faction and Cardinal della Rovere, the second; these factions were roughly aligned with the Orsini and Colonna families, respectively.  As a result, nearly all of the non-Venetian cardinals supported the continuation of Sixtus IV's policies of isolation towards the Republic of Venice, specifically the Peace of Bagnolo. 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